Non Communicable Diseases

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as the leading cause of death globally and also in the South East Asia region due to many social determinants like unhealthy lifestyles, globalization, trade and marketing, demographic and economic transitions. The change in the status of these determinants has affected behavioral and metabolic risk factors of the general population to the NCDs.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), Chronic non-infectious respiratory diseases (like COPD), Cancers and Diabetes Mellitus are referred as essential non-communicable disease with well-established common modifiable risk factors. Oral health, Mental Health and Road traffic Injuries are other NCDs in Nepal that has been growing at an alarming rate posing as major threats to public health.

Behaviours like tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, intake of high proportion of unhealthy diet like - consuming less fruits and vegetables, high salt and trans-fat consumption, and physical inactivity are the common modifiable risk factors of NCDs while overweight and obesity, raised blood pressure, raised blood glucose and abnormal blood lipids are the metabolic risk factors. Such behaviours are determined by social structures, economic disparities, and market forces that entice the people into buying and consuming unhealthy products such as ultra-processed foods and drinks, among other examples. Indoor air pollution is another important modifiable behavioral risk factor for the region and the country.

Director Message

Website of PHCRD is a stepping stone to unearth new avenues of information concerns of stakeholders and different actors. This website will try to bridge information gap between different actors in regard to the activities of our organization. I welcome you all to provide invaluable feedback and suggestions to make this website beneficial to everyone concerned.

Bhogendra Raj Dotel


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  Teku, Kathmandu, Nepal

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